Slow PC? Fragmentation Could Be a Reason

If you are a daily user of computers then a slow running computer is the last thing you want during your day to day activity. There could be many reasons for your PC slowing down. One of them can be fragmentation of disks. Fragmentation occurs when your files are scattered all over your disk in no particular format.

What exactly is Fragmentation?

To keep it simple, your hard disk consists of blocks of memory. Whatever you store in your hard disk gets stored in these blocks according to the size of the object being stored. Different files occupy different number of these memory blocks. When you use a computer, you may not need a file tomorrow that you need today. So you delete the unwanted files.

When you delete these unwanted files, the memory blocks occupied by them is freed and remain empty. Thus as you go on adding and deleting files the newly added files will occupy new blocks of memory and those of the deleted files remain empty. Once all the new memory blocks are occupied by new files, there are no more new blocks for new files to get stored. Thus these files now look for empty blocks left by the deleted files.

This is a time consuming process as all the free blocks many not be large enough to accommodate this new file. This is called fragmentation. You might have enough memory to store many more files in your hard disk but since they are scattered, those files might not be able to get stored or might take a lot of time to find a space large enough for it to get stored.

How do we get rid of fragmentation?

A solution to fragmentation is defragmentation. Defragmentation means to congregate free and occupied blocks of memory separately. When you defragment your disk the blocks of memory occupied by files are grouped together and those that are free are grouped separately in the memory. Now the new files can get easily get stored in the memory without taking much time of yours.

For a normal user it is advisable to perform defragmentation once in a month. When you experience problems while saving a word document or an image file, fragmentation might have occurred and it means that you need to check for fragmented segments in your memory.

How do we perform defragmentation?

To perform defragmentation is not a task at all. You can easily do it even if you are not a computer expert. A lot of defragmentation tools are available within the operating system you use. Windows comes with a built in Disk Defragmenter. If you need advanced functionality, you can also use Auslogics Disk Defrag or O&O, both of which can be downloaded free of cost.

When you use Disk Defragmenter for Windows, you just have to follow some simple steps. You’ll find the application in your start menu’s programs. Just start the application and then you’ll find the option to analyze your disk and see which of the files are already defragmented and which of them need defragmentation. Here is a step by step tutorial to defragment your hard drive using the built in defragmenter.

Extra Software Could Be the Reason behind Your Slow PC

It often gets annoying when you are working on something important and your PC slows down. There could be many factors behind this. One of the reasons for your PC slowing down could be installation of extra software. Software requires some amount of memory to get started. Thus, the more number of software you install on your PC the more memory they need.

For an individual who uses computer for most of his jobs might certainly require separate software for each job. This does not imply that he needs all the programs installed by the software. While installing software one must carefully go through the installation process and see which programs are being installed along with the software.

So what is important and what is not?

Most of the software you use, provide you with three options during installation –

  1. To install the complete software
  2. To install the most commonly used programs in the software
  3. To choose the programs you want to install.

It is advisable to choose the third option if you use advanced software as you would have a better idea of which programs you want to install. If you are a new user, the second choice is better as that option installs programs that are commonly needed by new users. The first option is advisable only if you want to study the software or know its complete usage.

Also, software comes with additional programs that you might not need at all. For example, when you download a YouTube downloader, it comes with additional anti-virus software. You do not need this software if you are a typical PC user as you would have advanced anti-virus software already installed on your PC. It is important to take care to check what is getting downloaded along with the software and if it is something you do not need, avoid them.

What if we need all the software that is installed?

There might be times when your PC gets too slow because of installing too much software but you need all of them. A solution to this problem is to increase your RAM memory. Whenever you start any software, it gets loaded onto your RAM memory. Thus, the more software you have, the more RAM memory you need.

You can check the specifications of software installed on your PC and find out the maximum amount of RAM required for the software to run smoothly. If you do not have enough RAM memory for software to run, your PC tends to run slow. Even if you manage to start the software, you cannot use any other application while running that software. If you try to do so, neither of your applications would work and your PC may hang.

For example, Oracle database software requires 1 MB of RAM to get started while a Visual Studio can do with 512 MB. This means that your PC needs minimum 1MB RAM if you are using both of these software. If you try to run Oracle using a 512 MB RAM it won’t work. Anti-virus software that uses powerful scanning tools also requires more RAM memory to scan your PC completely and effectively.

Upgrade Computer BIOS

Upgrading Computer BIOS

The complete name of BIOS is “Basic Input-Output System”, which is a computer program that is found in the ROM memory within the motherboard. The major task of BIOS is to supply the information, which is necessary for the hardware compatibility with the computer. It consists the programming, which help the computer to boot. The BIOS does not have the capability of physical functioning, although, you are able to “Flash” BIOS if you feel it’s necessary.

Flashing the BIOS of PC could be dangerous, in case you are not cautious. There are chances of BIOS corruption if while updating power outage happens even for couple of seconds. In such circumstances, the only solution is to change your BIOS chip or even motherboard. When you prepare for upgrading BIOS, it is recommended to have UPS with the backup of at least 10 minutes as a preventive measure.

  • One of the common purposes of upgrading BIOS is to make Windows XP compatible with recent adware for resolving a system obstacle. Undoubtedly, BIOS upgrading could boost up the system performance and might allow you to utilize few computer hardware. However, it does not ensure solution for all system problems.
  • Next question that arises is how to find the appropriate update for your BIOS. If you are aware of the manufacturer of your desktop or Laptop such as DELL, HP, LENOVO then you can find the BIOS update from their website. For the self-assembled computers you will have to go to the website of motherboard manufacturer.
  • Next step pertains to the model no. of the motherboard or computer, for this you should note down the model no. of the motherboard or your computer to find out the appropriate update. You can find the motherboard model number from the memory test. You will have to put this model number in search box for update.
  • After downloading the upgrade, copy it on bootable CD or floppy. Now read the READ ME file instructions to install updates. Before proceeding further, take the back up of your OLD BIOS on CD.
  • BIOS manufacturers have numerous instructions for installing the update. The most popular is boot with the floppy or CD drive. Insert CD restart you PC and follow the instructions, after installation remove the disk.

Upgradation of BIOS is a very effective way to make your Windows compatible with the new amendments, and for resolving the hardware problems. We recommend you to upgrade your BIOS frequently with the proper care.

How To Diagnosing Windows Memory Errors

Diagnosing Windows Memory Errors

Certain computer memory errors are simple to recognize. On the other hand, some go undetected. Sometimes computer displays the screen with error code and sometimes it does not.

There is a really nice diagnostic attribute in both Windows Vista and Windows 7, which allows you to recognize and fix memory issues. Several third party utility applications also assist in determining and fixing the memory issues. Whenever your system shows a memory problem, then there might be issue with your memory chip, or simply it can be a hardware problem.

Memory Diagnostic Tools:

Window Vista and Window 7 both comes with the built in Memory Diagnostic tools. This tool generally arises each time when memory problem is identified quietly in the background. If you want to run Memory Diagnostic Tool manually, Click > Start > Control Panel > Search Box > Type “mdsched.exe” or memory > Click > “Diagnose your computer’s memory problems” > then select the time for running Memory Diagnostic Tool.

Always remember that while running this tool your computer will restart. Therefore, it is advisable that you will save all your running programs. In case you are using Windows XP, any reliable third party utility tool can be helpful.

Types of Memory Errors

Memory errors might be categorized in three parts, which are as follows. First, one is data corruption that is generally depicted by missing system files and data loss. The next is computer memory error, and in this error computer is not able to detect the memory installed on it. The last is computer memory boot failure, which makes a system beep and you might even get an overall blank screen. In case you are receiving only beep, you should check motherboard manual for beep codes meaning.

The inbuilt diagnostic tool and windows 7 and Vista is a very handy tool that can help us in troubleshooting many memories related issues without having to install any third party software applications. Although hardware problems require technical assistance and replacing the parts, it does prove to be very helpful when there are windows related memory issues.

CleanMem To Optimize Or Reduce Windows RAM Memory Usage

Use CleanMem To Optimize Or Reduce Windows RAM Memory Usage

Mostly all of the computer users ask for a solution which could lower or reduce the RAM memory usage in Windows. Even if you have installed much higher amount of RAM been into your computer, the computer makes full use of your RAM memory. However, with comparatively lower price of RAM modules, it makes affordable for you so that you could fill up all of the RAM slots to get even more speed. It helps particularly when you run lots of applications at a time, making your computer too slow and you may feel too sluggish while using PC.

CleanMem is an optimization utility which specifically optimizes cache and memory. It is also termed as memory optimizer or memory cleaner. CleanMem operates with the help of Windows API EmptyWorkingSet and easily instructs Windows OS. By this, it tends to clean all the running programs and processes and removes lots of unnecessary pages (memory) from the set of working programs.

The EmptyWorkingSet cleanup API easily cleans the memory by removing unneeded programs from the used portion of memory. This recovers the memory (because sometimes the memory may not be released due to bad programming) so that this cleared memory gets used for other running programs. By doing so, the paging of the hard disk drive is avoided. If the program has been ‘squeezed’ then it simply requires more memory and extra memory address.

CleanMem could no be used as background process for memory-resident. It does not stay in the system tray (notification area) which could be then used to clean up the memory. Instead of this, this app gets triggered at every 30 minutes by the Task Scheduler. When it gets triggered, you will not get any pop-up window frame and it works silently. When the cleanup process completes, it shuts down automatically and turns on in the interval. So, this app in itself doesn’t tend to utilize any memory space, which is one more plus advantage.

The latest version of CleanMem has been recently released. This edition also clears the system file cache which is available in space of kernel address. The buffer access is used by it and makes the hard drives slower. It makes the mapping of the all the open files under the system cache which is based on the application requests, access patterns and I/O demand. Conversely, when the file system cache develops too large, it )While Get may use cookies to track your visit to Get web sites, and our Web servers automatically log the IP/Internet address of your computer, Get does not generally use this information to identify you personally. surely causes too much paging I/O to disk.


After downloading, the CleanMem could be installed automatically. After installing it will be executed by the Task Scheduler. In the CleanMem, you could also exclude the processes in order to reduce or optimize the RAM usage. To do so, you just have to specify the particular process name in the cleanmem_ignore_list.txt. Otherwise, you could simply select a particular process which you have to clean. Just enter the process names in cleanmem_only_list.txt.

The above two files are installed to

%SystemDrive%\Windows\System32 (for 32-bit OS) or

%SystemDrive%\Windows\SysWow64 (for 64-bit OS)

CleanMem works well with both x64 and x86 versions of Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008. You will get the CleanMem as ZIP package or an installer for manual or portable installation procedure. The setup installer of CleanMem automatically installs the only list and ignore list with the installation process. It also automatically configures the Task Scheduler in order to execute in every 30 minutes automatically.

ZIP package includes all the CleanMem configuration files, batch command scripts, and executables and Task objects for Task Scheduler. However, if required, you have to manually install them afterwards. CleanMem.exe is able to execute separately with no extras at all. It could be also execute with thumbdrive, flash USB drive, DVD, CD or with the help of networks. Use the following links to download the CleanMem utility.

• CleanMem v1.4.2 Installer: cleanmem_v1.4.2_setup.exe

• CleanMem v1.4.2 ZIP:

Use RAMRush To Free Up RAM And Optimize Memory

Use RAMRush To Free Up RAM And Optimize Memory

Random Access Memory (RAM) or the working memory of your computer preserves the operating system, data and applications that are currently in use to allow easy access to the PC’s processor. Data can be much easily read and written to the RAM as compared to various other storage types in a PC.

However, when you run too many processes or applications simultaneously, the RAM gets overloaded thereby affecting the performance of your PC or even causing it to crash. In order to enhance the performance of your PC’s RAM, you need to use a good memory management tool. RAMRush is one such useful utility that efficiently optimizes the memory usage in order to improve system efficiency.

RAMRush intelligently frees up your computer’s physical RAM so as to increase the availability of memory. Running RAMRush periodically saves your system from frequent crashes that occur due to memory problems. This memory management tool also removes memory leaks and defragments your system’s RAM thereby improving system performance.

After you have downloaded and installed RAMRush on your PC, it will appear in your system tray. You just need to move your mouse pointer over the tray icon and it will show RAM and CPU real-time usage, free memory space and last optimize time. You may double-click on the RAMRush icon in the system tray, click on the option “Start Optimize” or press the Ctrl+Alt+O hotkeys.

You can easily download RAMRush from Here free of cost. It works well with Windows Operating System like Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000/2003/2008, Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7. Before installing this tool you need to make sure that your PC has a disk space of at least 1MB and 5MB – 8MB of RAM.

In case you have a Windows 98 or Windows ME OS, GDIPLUS.DLL needs to be available on your PC.

AVADirect Nano Cube – Compact, Powerful And Reasonable – Perfect For Gaming

Here is the AVADirect Nano Cube, a personal gaming computer, assuring you high quality functioning. It contains some reasonable hardware qualities and one of the first mini ITX gaming systems that was released. It consists of hardware that goes from dual channel memory to the latest processors.

Let’s see what its unique features are, even with its compact size:-

  • Form Factor – Prior mention has been made that this is a Small Form Factor PC[SFF PC] measuring upto 8.7” X 5.1” X 13” only. Good things do come in small packages, but it is also attached with few drawbacks.
  • Processor – Users of AVADirect Nano Cube can choose between the Intel Core i7 or Core i5 LGA1156 processors. It is the i5 processor which has the default configuration, but you can opt for the upgraded one containing the i7 processor.
  • RAM[Memory] – It supports RAM upto 8GB and the default option is 2GB from Kingston. For a better performance, it is always wise to choose 4GB of RAM.
  • Graphics Card – All kinds of graphic cards, inclusive of ATI and NVIDIA are supported by AVADirect Nano Cube. The users has the choice o f selecting any card like the GeForce GT220; NVIDIA GeForce GT x 260; the NVIDIA GeForce GT 240; or the ATI Radeon TM HD 4200 graphic cards.
  • Storage – This cube is accommodative with 2TB hard drives. Here the default configuration will fetch you only a 320 GB hard disk.
  • Optical Media and Blu-Ray – It comes with a dual layer DVD burner, but it is your choice if you want to choose an upgraded option, adding Blu-Ray compatibility to your desktop.
  • Price – It is priced at $821, but with the addition of some upgrade options, hard disk Blu-ray support and much more, the price touches $1700.
  • Warranty – It has a 1 year warranty on labour and parts.
  • Now to talk of its drawbacks – There is no doubt that this small factor desktop gaming PC is quite advantageous with its great features, bit it is not all satisfying, mainly because there is no fire wire port available with this case. Also, a point noteworthy is that there is problem with Fan Wiring and Noise, maybe due to the crammed up space and internal wiring.

The Cube can be altered and designed to suit the user’s needs and the AVA technicians are well versed in bringing about such alterations. But that is only if your intentions are to satisfy your gaming needs. Therefore it is not very helpful for home users. Like we say, looks may be deceptive; the desktop may not look very attractive, but sure offers many facilities.

You may find other gaming options but this mini gaming console AVADirect Nano Cube has earned a great fan club for itself. To put it in other words, this gaming PC integrates the power of a gaming notebook at the price and value of a desktop and thereby bringing to you the benefits of both worlds.

It is handy/portable enough to easily be carried to any friends house or a party, but powerful all the same, enough to mesmerize your friends and win the game. Small in size no doubt, but big in features. It has options for wireless-N network and all the current technology like Blu-ray and amazing large 2TB hard drives.

In order to obtain best results, opt for a solid state disk SSD for the quickest read/write speeds of any hard drive. But change is always welcome, and alterations can be made accordingly!

Microsoft Office Suite Diagnostic Tool For Troubleshooting And Fixing The Problems

Microsoft Office Suite Diagnostic Tool For Troubleshooting And Fixing The Problems

Microsoft office suite is one of the most essential applications package for everyone. Most of the professionals and office workers work on the Microsoft office suite, whether while they are preparing a presentation on power point, or preparing worksheet on excel or writing on the word document. However, what if MS Office suite does not respond or show some technical errors while you are launching it. The users will surely get frustrated, as they will not be able to perform their task seasonably. Usually, non-technical individuals try to open again and again the MS Office application, but it doesn’t work and finally, they rush to tech person in charge who is well aware of the problem and fixes it.

It can be very critical and serious problem, especially when you are working on important projects and MS office suite shows errors. Therefore, you’ll need to know how to diagnose and troubleshot the errors of MS office. Many of the MS office users are not aware of inbuilt Microsoft Diagnostic Tool, which diagnoses the MS office application and displays the results mentioning root errors and their causes.

This is quite useful tool, which is accessible in MS Office 2007 suite. The inbuilt feature of this tool conducts number of tests in order to find out the real problems and provide users set of options to fix the occurred trouble. The diagnosed data will be stored into the computer for further reference. If you find that the problem is more critical to be understood and fixed by you, just send the error report to Microsoft for later assistances. However, Microsoft Office Diagnostic surely fixes the basic problems. Here are some tests given conducted by Microsoft Office Diagnostics.

  • Setup Diagnostic: Diagnostic tool scan office 2007 setup and registry files to find out the corrupted and malicious files. There are many situations when your office suite corrupts due to attack of viruses and incorrectly configured hardware.
  • Disk Diagnostic: As its name depicts, it scan the hard disk sector to find out any errors. Through this check it will show hard disk errors regarding Self-monitoring logged errors, SMART, etc.

  • Memory Diagnostic: This test is just for ensuring that computer’s RAM (Random Access Memory) is integrated with computer properly or not.
  • Update Diagnostic: This test checks for any latest updates from Microsoft service suite. There are many service packages that update and increase the features of MS Office. You will be promoted to update your MS office suite by Microsoft Office Diagnostic tools which find out the latest updates for MS office.
  • Compatibility Diagnostic: This test refers to identifying the conflicting version of any two applications such as Microsoft outlook. Users cannot run two different versions of Microsoft outlook on one single computer at a time.
  • Check for Solutions: It checks all the bugs and crashes that have been stored into MS office. Once it finishes the checking, connect your computer to server in order to check form any available solutions.

In order to start Microsoft Office Diagnostic, users just need to navigate to Start>>All Programs>>Microsoft Office>>Microsoft Office Tools>>Microsoft Office Diagnostics

Monitor Your PCs Memory Usage With The Help Of Usage Monitor

Monitor Your PCs Memory Usage With The Help Of Usage Monitor

You must have noticed that some applications consume a lot of memory while running as a result of which your computer becomes slow or sometimes even stops responding. To prevent your PC from being overloaded due to unnecessary memory consumption, you need to monitor its memory usage.

Usage Monitor is the best software utility that helps you monitor your PC’s memory usage. It also alerts you so that you can take appropriate action before your PC stops responding. Usage Monitor allows you to set a predefined maximum memory usage limit. It efficiently monitors the memory usage by various applications and alerts you the moment it hits the predefined limit.


This tiny utility which consumes just 1.16MB of disk space is capable of monitoring the memory usage by any kind of processes running on your Windows OS from the background. Apart from monitoring memory usage, Usage Monitor also helps you keep track of user object or GDI. It allows you to set a maximum memory usage limit for any process that you wish to monitor.

The moment the limit is hit, Usage Monitor alerts you using various different ways depending on how you have configured the alarm type. You can opt to show a message box, to display a pop-up message at the taskbar, to show a flash effect on the Taskbar or to execute a file. Version of Usage Monitor can be downloaded free of charge. This utility supports Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000/2003, Windows XP and Windows Vista.

Use Adobe Photoshop Speedup To Accelerate Startup Time Of Adobe Photoshop

Use Adobe Photoshop Speedup To Accelerate Startup Time Of Adobe Photoshop

No one can disagree with the fact that Adobe Photoshop is the most powerful graphics editing program that is loaded with some of the great features. However, regular users of Adobe Photoshop often tend to have complains regarding program startup. This graphics application takes a bit too long to startup as it requires loading a number of plugins.

The users using old PCs are the ones who have a worst experience with this issue. However, Photoshop users can have a sigh of relief with this new speed up program called “Adobe Photoshop Speedup”. This freeware has ability to filter and disable all the plugins to Photoshop that you do not need.  Adobe Photoshop Speedup allows users to choose the plugins which they do not use and do not wish to load.

The moment these plugins are disabled, the overall startup time of Photoshop will be reduced considerably and users will be able to enjoy better performance. The disabled plugins can be easily activated and loaded as and when required. Moreover, by using this speedup program, users can also opt not to load CMap and Base folders for Adobe Fonts as well as Adobe Photoshop Presets.

Adobe Photoshop Speedup works with most Windows Operating Systems. If you wish to enhance the startup speed of your Adobe Photoshop, you can download this speedup program free of charge from the internet. The key features of this program are mentioned as follows:

  • Free Utility that can be used to tweak Adobe Photoshop starting from version 4 to version 8.
  • Allows user to enable/disable the plugins as required.
  • Users can choose not to load CMap and Base folders.
  • Users can opt not to load Photoshop Presets.
  • Reset and optimize Maximum Memory Usage.
  • Simply click on Restore button to restore the original settings whenever necessary.