Web Servers – Features and Prices

What is a server?

A server is simply a program running on a computer that computes the request of other programs. These requests generally come from a client and that client can use the same computer or connect to the server via the internet from a remote location.

What kinds of servers are there?

There are numerous servers available and each one is defined based on its uses. Servers range from game servers and file servers to proxy servers and web servers with numerous others in between.  Since almost every action on the internet requires the user to interact with some sort of server, you can imagine how important and diverse servers are.

Which server should I need for my website?

When it comes to websites, you will always need some sort of hosting. This ensures that your site is always up and can handle the traffic/queries/ and requests from the visitors. Web servers are used for this service and can be hosted on server computers from anywhere in the world.

You can find free servers and free hosting for your site, but it is recommended that you use a paid server if you plan on having a successful site or if your site has a lot of data or traffic.

Different characteristics of Web servers:

  • Bandwidth – is a bit rate measure of available or consumed data communication resources expressed in bits/second or multiples of it (kilobits/s, megabits/s etc.). This is a measure of data transfer and it is expressed in bits per second (bps). Good bandwidth for a server would be unlimited.
  • Hosting space – this is the amount of room you are allotted for the files stored on the server. You can easily find servers with unlimited hosting space.
  • Email accounts – For servers this is where you can make as many email accounts as you’d like on your server and read them from the Control Panel.
  • Domains – Quite a few servers offer unlimited domains for their users.
  • MySQL databases – MySQL is a relational database management system that helps you manage all of your data for the server (like registered users).
  • CPanel – This is a user interface for the admins and owners of the server so that all of the features of the server can be managed.
  • Uptime – Servers sometimes crash, go offline, or experience other technical issues. This can be a problem when visitors come to visit your site and they are not able to access it. Making sure you have a reliable server is essential.
  • Customer Support – Having a server that comes with 24/7 customer support is very handy as you will sometimes encounter issues and a quick resolution is necessary.
  • Support of a variety of scripting languages (ie php and perl) – This is excellent for programmers and scripters who prefer to use a different scripting language.

Where to get a web server

So you decided you want a server but need to know where to find one, well below is a list of the top sites that offer these services. Also included is the price they charge and some of their features.

1)      http://www.hostmonster.com/

Features – Unlimited Space & Bandwidth, Host Unlimited Domains, Unlimited E-mail Accounts, Free Domain, cPanel, Google Adwords credit, Free Site Builders, WordPress, No outsourcing.

Price – $8 per month, specials at $6

2)      http://www.ipage.com/ipage/index.html

Features – Unlimited Disk Space/Bandwidth and Email, Free Domain, Free Security Suite, Free Site-Building Tools, Free Online Store, Free Yahoo & Facebook Credits, Powered by green energy

Price – Regularly $8 per month, specials low as $3

3)      http://www.justhost.com/

Features – Unlimited GB’s of Space, Unlimited GB’s of Transfer, Unlimited Domain Hosting, Unlimited E-Mail Accounts, Unlimited MySQL Databases, FREE Site Builder, FREE Domain Name, FREE Instant Setup, Anytime Money Back Guarantee

Price – $7 per month, specials at $4

4)      http://www.hostgator.com/

Features – Unlimited disk space and bandwidth, Free site builder, Control panel, Free website templates, 99% uptime guarentee, 24/7 support, Google Adwords credit

Price – $4 per month

Alter Hard Drive Label or Partition Name in DOS

Alter Hard Drive Label or Partition Name in DOS

It is easy to change hard disk partition name in any windows operating system. Users just choose the option of renames from the contextual drop down list. Generally, users can create a new label name for volume during formatting of windows operating system

Label.exe is the command-line utility for changing the labels of names of the hard disk partitions. It is available in most Microsoft DOS and windows operating system including windows 98, Windows 95, Windows NT, windows 2000, windows ME, and windows server 2000.

To use this label.exe utility you need to use this syntax:

LABEL [drive:][label]

Example,

Label c: Music

Note: label.exe utility command line will work only if hard disk is not write-protected

Alternatively user simply enter “label” command to change or view current partition name on working operating system’s drive. It means through this command user can view or change label of the hard disk partition.   

Please bear in mind that the labeling of hard disk partition takes place with ASCII characters, and if you make mistakes, the Scandisk recognizes these characters, and assumes it to be corrupt or incorrect label of volume. The Scandisk then starts to fix that label. However, if scandisk start fixing label of volume, it may remove or delete all the space and information in that particular hard drive partition.

Synchronize Folders Placed Outside Your My Dropbox Folder with Dropbox Server

Trick for Synchronizing Folders Placed Outside Your My Dropbox Folder with Dropbox Server

Dropbox is a useful service that synchronizes all the data saved in your My Dropbox folder with Dropbox server helping you to store and share your data quite easily. However, this service works only for synchronizing data present in the My Dropbox folder (along with its subfolders) with Dropbox server.

Dropbox is unable to synchronize other folders (i.e. the ones located outside the My Dropbox folder) with Dropbox server which means that this barrier will not allow you to back up data from other folders to the Dropbox server. You will have to copy any updated data manually to the Dropbox server which is quite a pain.

Nevertheless, you may get rid of this barrier and synchronize all the folders located outside your My Dropbox folder with the Dropbox server by using a simple trick. You have to create a link between the folder “My Dropbox” and other folders that you need to sync to the Dropbox server. This can be easily done by using “Junction”.

For using this feature “Junction”, you need to follow the below mentioned steps:

  • Firstly, you need to download LSE (Link Shell Extension) from the internet and install it in your system.
  • Go to “Windows Explorer”. Next, navigate to the folder that you wish to synchronize with Dropbox server and right-click on it. Select the option “Pick Link Source” from the right-click context menu.

  • You need to now navigate to the folder “My Dropbox” which you will normally find at the location “C:\Documents and Settings\ {user name}\My Documents\My Dropbox”. Right-click on the folder “My Dropbox”, select “Drop As”. Now, from the “Drop As” submenu, choose “Junction”.

  • Repeat Step no. 2 & 3 for all other folders that you wish to synchronize with Dropbox server.

 

Now that you are done with the above mentioned procedure, you will see duplicate copies of these folders in your My Dropbox folder. Any new updates done to these folders will automatically reflect in the duplicate folders as well. The moment any changes are detected in the duplicate folders, Dropbox will immediately synchronize the duplicate folders with the Dropbox server.

Installing And Using Windows Server 2008 For 240 Days Without Activation

Installing And Using Windows Server 2008 For 240 Days Without Activation

Just like most Windows operating systems including Windows XP SP3 and Vista, Microsoft offers an “activation grace” period/ free-look evaluation period for Windows Server 2008 as well. However, as compared to Windows Vista, Microsoft has been quite generous with the evaluation period that it offers for Windows Server 2008.

Unlike Windows Vista, wherein the activation-free evaluation period is 30 days, Microsoft offers a 60 days free-look evaluation period incase of Server 2008 and user can reset or extend the free evaluation period for additional 60 days for up to three times.

This basically means that you may use Windows Server 2008 for 240 days which is approximately 8 months, without having to activate it online or offline (i.e. via phone). During this evaluation or activation grace period that extends for 240 days, you may use Server 2008 without any limitation or restriction and install any edition of Server 2008 without activation.

However, you need to remember that if you are using Evaluation DVD package of Server 2008 which offers an initial evaluation period of 120 days, you can rearm or extend the free-look evaluation period only once.

To take advantage of the free evaluation period in Server 2008, you need to install it without activation. For doing so, you need to run the setup program for Windows Server 2008, but not input the product key when it prompts you to enter the product key for activating the product. 

When you are prompted for conformation of your selection, you need to click on “NO”. Once the installation process is over, Windows Server 2008 starts with the initial evaluation period of 60 days for which no activation is required.

Method to manually reset or extend the grace period for activation on expiry

When the free evaluation period of 60-days comes close to expiry, you need to run the script “slmgr.vbs” so as to extend the free-look evaluation period for additional 60 days by keeping all the programs and data in the PC intact.

  • Open the command prompt with administrator rights.
  • Type in “slmgr.vbs –rearm” and press the “Enter” key. This will reset the free-look evaluation or activation grace period back to 60 days.
  • Finally, restart your PC. 

In order to check the days left in the present activation grace period, you need to run the command “slmgr.vbs –dli”in the command prompt and it will display the time left. You may also use the “Task Scheduler” so as to automatically rearm or reset the evaluation period once it expires.

Share Similar Pagefile.Sys Paging File

Share Similar Pagefile.Sys Paging File      

Although you may have many gigabytes of RAM modules or physical memory, Windows operating system, particularly Windows 7 and Windows Vista is always craving for more memory. Virtual memory is one of the free as well as easy resolutions, by using a page file which is stored in hard disk that can be used instead of the RAM.

Although, paging file of virtual memory, i.e. pagefle.sys together with system as well as hidden attributes, fills up the space in hard disk.

While considering dual-boot and multi-boot system that is running multiple instances in Windows operating system in different drive of hard disk (volume or partition), there will be many copies of pagefile.sys that will be created and exist in every system drive. In a computer that runs slow on drive space, have multiple pagefile.sys files which will waste more space of disk.

For avoiding wastage of hard disk for VM paging file, you can opt for workaround which will instruct Windows7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 as well as Windows Server 2008 for using the same paging file.

For using a single pagefile.sys only for all operating systems of Windows which is installed in the PC, the user has first to decide in which drive to keep the pagefile.sys. That drive can be a drive of existing system in an operating system (that means no chance required for the OS installed), or may be a latest formatted drive or partition.

After determining in which drive you want to put the pagefile.sys, but the partition volume should be visible to each as well as every system for sharing the paging file. You can add or assign in the disk, otherwise can assign drive letter by using Disk Management of Computer Management in the Control Panel if the partition remains invisible to you. After that, the user has to determine drive letter path in the drive.

For switching and changing the paging file of the system for using the pagefile.sys which is shared, the user has to right click in the Computer, and then select Properties. After that click on the Advanced system settings (for Windows XP as well as Windows Server 2003, you have to go to the Advanced tab). Then click on Settings button which is there in Performance section, after that go to the advanced tab.

Here under the section of Virtual memory, you have to click on the Change button. Then uncheck the option which automatically manages the paging file size of all drives.

For those drives that you do not need pagefile.sys to be present, select them as well as set those for No paging file for disabling paging file storage in the drive. In that drive which contains the pagefile.sys that is shared, set it as the Custom size or may be as System managed size. The user has to repeat the same process for each and every operating system installed.

Techniques To Install Windows 7, Server 2008 Or Vista On A System Having RAM Less Than 512MB

Techniques To Install Windows 7, Server 2008 Or Vista On A System Having RAM Less Than 512MB

You might be aware that most of the recently released Microsoft Windows operating systems require your system to have some precise specifications before you try to install them. Sufficient RAM (512 MB or more) is once such key specification necessary for installing recent Windows OS such as Windows 7, Server 2008 and Vista on your PC.

In order to ensure quicker system operation, the official requirement of RAM is 1 GB. However, if the RAM in your PC is less than 512MB, the setup wizard will not allow going through the setup process and if the RAM is less than 1GB you won’t be able to continue the setup process.

While the installation process is on, setup file verifies the system requirements. If your PC does not meet the necessary requirements, the setup wizard will stop, thereby stopping the installation process. It will show the below mentioned error message.

Windows detected that this computer has <YOUR RAM SIZE> MB of RAM, but 512 MB is required for installation. Installation cannot proceed

This happens as these recent Windows OS consume a lot of system resources. If your system doesn’t possess enough memory to perform certain system tasks, it may lead to system slow down, halt or freeze. Although having sufficient RAM is a technical requirement, it is possible that you install Windows 7, Vista and Server 2008 on a PC with RAM less than 512MB.

You may use any of the below mentioned techniques.

Technique 1: Add Physical RAM to make it at least 384 MB

Although it is said that Windows 7, Vista and Server 2008 require at least 512MB of RAM for proceeding with the installation process, technically they consume only 384MB of RAM for running the setup procedure.

For instance, if the RAM of your system is 256MB, you approximately need another 130 MB memory to meet the minimum requirement. In such a case, you can add a physical RAM into the RAM slot. If you happen to use a virtual machine, simply increase the limit of allocated RAM to make it 384MB.

Technique 2: Increase Memory during Installation by adding Memory Stick

You need to make the necessary changes in your system specifications in order to meet the basic requirements while trying to install Windows 7, Vista and Server 2008. If you use a virtual machine, use this brilliant trick so as to run the installation procedure without showing the low memory error message.

You need to simply increase the virtual or physical memory of your PC to 512MB by making use of a memory stick. The moment RAM becomes 512MB, run the setup and complete the installation procedure. Once you have installed Windows 7, Server 2008 or Vista on your system, you may take out the memory stick to get the RAM back to original level.

Technique 3: Use a winsetup.dll Patch

winsetup.dll is the file that verifies your system memory. It is present in ISO images or DVD disc. This file basically gets activated at the beginning of the installation procedure and checks for the necessary system requirements. You may patch this file so as to bypass or avoid this memory check during installation process of Windows 7, Server 2008 or Vista.

You need to follow the below mentioned steps in order to path the file “winsetup.dll”.

  • Firstly, you need to copy the contents of the DVD or extract the DVD ISO image contents to your hard disk drive.
  • Then, download AptEdit Pro, a HEX editor and install it along with the HEX Editor plugin.
  • Locate the file “winsetup.dll” within the installation files that you had copied and open it using HEX editor.
  • Within the file, look for the below mentioned HEX string:

77073D7801

  • Once you find it, replace it with the below mentioned HEX string:

E90400000

  • Save the changes made to the file.
  • Now, run the file “setup.exe” and you will notice that the installation process proceeds without showing any error message.
  • Incase you wish to use bootable DVD to start the installation process, you may simply replace the file “winsetup.dll” within the ISO with the patched “winsetup.dll” file and copy the ISO to the DVD.

Uninstall And Removal Script Of Timernuke For Windows 7 And Windows Server 2008

Uninstall And Removal Script Of Timernuke For Windows 7 And Windows Server 2008

TimerNuke application cannot be considered as a pretty good activation crack for Windows 7 Server 2008. Actually it is not an activation crack for Windows 7 and server 2008. TimerNuke is an application which just removes system files which are associated with Activation of Windows.

It disables all the services which are integrated with activation of Windows product. Using this application, there is no need of activation of the Windows operating system. However, windows itself may detect the product version as a counterfeit. A watermark saying “this copy of Windows is not genuine” and a notification message would be displayed all the time.

On the other hand, if you want to uninstall and remove TimerNuke crack permanently, you can make use of the TimerNuke uninstallation script which is also known as Windows 7 & 2008 Activation Enabler.

Use the following link Here to download the zip file named as UninstallTimerNuke.

First of all, extract the file and just run the UninstallTimerNuke.cmd. All the removed files are then restored and stopped services We’ll be enabled again.

Note: The uninstallation process of TimerNuke will be started if and only if only if the backup files created in .bak format are present in the system. If you have already deleted the backup files which are created by the TimerNuke, you cannot start the un-installation process at all. The TimerNuke Uninstaller is able to support only Windows 7 and Server 2008.

Tips: The downloaded uninstall script also has a capacity to restore and reset all the activation components. This application may also be known as Windows 7 ‘activation crack’, Windows 7 ‘activator’, All Versions PlusPatcher, PlusPatch and some other names, which are based on the working TimerNuke.

Browsing Websites Through The Proxy Server On Firefox

Browsing Websites Through The Proxy Server On Firefox

To protect your identity securely and not being revealed on the network, one can use proxy settings to surf all the websites. A user feels secure as no personal information such as IP address, Operating system, Browser details are not used, since a proxy website will do all the above for you.

Another advantage is that a user can access any blocked website on their personal computer. Even if the administrator or Internet service provider has blocked them. To configure a browser to start using a proxy for browsing websites are provided below:

Steps to follow to browse websites by using proxy from Firefox

  • To utilize proxy, a user needs to possess IP address of a Proxy Server. If you are not aware about the IP addresses, then Google to locate Proxy Server’s IP address.
  • After obtaining the proxy IP addresses, initiate the configuration process. You are to configure Firefox so that websites can be accessed through the proxy server instead of using your own IP provided by Internet service provider. Now browse to tools, select options choose advanced and select network settings option.
  • Click the radio button pointing to manual proxy configuration to initiate the process.
  • Type in the IP addresses of the Proxy Server provided in http proxy area, and you’ll also have to enter the associated port number beside the address.

  • Now save the changes made in the connection settings window and restart the browser i.e. Firefox.
  • This completes proxy settings. Now you access any website using proxy.

Now you have learnt how to configure a proxy server and access any website from Firefox browser. If you wish to use the IP provided by the ISP by resetting the proxy settings, then just follow the steps provided above and click the no proxy choice in the step 4.

How Can I Use VLC As Streaming Media Server

Installation of VLC Media Player in Delivering Online Media Files to PCS

The name “Streaming” refers to the medium that continuously receives multimedia from Steam provider and delivers it to the end-users. Internet television is one of such streamed media in which videos are broadcasted online to its users.

For streaming such media files VLC Media Player can be used as a server to our PCS through wireless connection in digital home.

However to achieve streaming by a VLC media player involves two major steps:

  • Media Server setup in PC Server
  • Media Player setup in client PC

Steps to setup Media Server in PC Server:

  1. Installation of VLC media player in windows pc (download link)
  2. After installation launch the player
  3. Go to File ->Wizard to open Streaming/Transcoding Wizard.
  4. Then select “Stream to network” and click Next button.
  5. Click Choose button a new window will be pop up.
  6. Click Browse button to choose media file to play, then click OK button.
  7. Click button next.
    While choosing “stream to Network” there are many streaming methods of which you can select the desired method. For example

    • UDP unicast –stream to single computer
    • UDP multicast –stream to more than one computer
    • HTTP-stream with the help of HTTP protocol
  8. Check “HTTP”, enter the IP address of the server and then click Next button.
  9. After checking “MPEG TS” click Next button.
  10. Click Finish button to complete this set up.

Steps to setup Media server in client PC:

  1. Install VLC Media player in another PC and then launch VLC media player.
  2. Go to File->Open Network Stream.
  3. Check “HTTP/HTTPS/FTP/MMS”, and then enter URL as {media server IP}:8080.
  4. Go to ‘Customize’ field at the bottom, enter the value as http: / / {media server IP}:8080.
  5. Click OK button to complete media server setup.

All the above steps should be modified according to the IP address that suits your environment.

How Can I Fix Virtual PC Additions Problem On Windows Server 2008 Core

Workaround Fix for Installing Virtual PC Additions

Any standard or enterprise of Windows Server 2008 Core in a virtual machine that is using the Virtual PC 2007 SP1 gives one minute problem after installation. The problem arises when we try to install the Virtual Machine Additions.

When we try installing the VM Additions by running setup.exe, the installation fails and gets aborted or rolled back. This problem has a simple solution.

Before installing the VM Additions just disable the sound card workaround. As soon as you disable the sound card availability, the Windows Server 2008 Core will allow you to proceed with the VM Additions installation. This little adjustment will help you to successfully install this application into your system.