How to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System

Linux is one of the most widely used operating systems today by students, developers and programmers. No wonder that a lot of these users need a software that they can use to route their wired internet connection via their wireless module on their laptops. To do so, a hotspot software that works with Linux systems is required. Check out how to create hotspot on Ubuntu easily

How to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System

  • Disable WiFi. Plug in your internet cable. Always use a wired connection.How to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System
  • Go to the network options via the network icon. Click on Edit connections. Click on ADD button in the pop up window.How to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System_2
  • Choose WiFi when asked to choose connection type.How to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System_3
  • Type in connection name, SSID. Select more to infrastructure. For the Device MAC address, select your wireless card from Drop-down menu
  • Select WiFi security setting to WPA and WPA2 personal. Set your preferred passwordHow to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System_4
  • In IPv4 settings, select “shared to other computers” in the ‘Method Drop down box‘. Click on save.
  • Now, you will get a configuration file that will be saved in /etc/networkmanager/system-connections directory.
  • Open the terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) or click on terminal icon, paste the command below and press enter. You can now edit the configuration file.
  • sudo gedit /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/wifi-hotspotHow to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System_5
  • Replace WiFi-hotspot with the connection name you gave for your connection.
  • After the configuration file opens, search for the line ‘mode=infrastructure” and change it to “mode=ap
  • Save the file.How to Create Hotspot on Ubuntu Operating System_6
  • Now enable WiFi from the network manager icon. You are done. If required, you should select to “connect to hidden wifi network‘ from the dropdown box. You can use your phone to connect to the hotspot you set up as well.

 

Now you are all set and you can use your laptop with Ubuntu operating system as a portable hotspot source. If you have any problems setting it up, comment below. Check out the best hotspot software for windows operating system 

Ubuntu – Open Source OS

So what is Ubuntu?

It is a computer operating system that is based on Linux. It is open source (meaning that it is able to be changed and improved by the users through its source code) and is free. The name came from a South African phrase ‘humanity towards others’ translated as Ubuntu.

Ubuntu strictly adheres to the open source philosophy and it will remain 100% free.

What is it for?

It is for personal computers and there is also a server version, but today we’ll only discuss the personal variant. Overall there are about 12 million people who use Ubuntu on their personal computers and it is the 4th most popular web server.

Who sponsors it?

Mark Shuttleworth (a South African entrepreneur) owns Canonical Ltd. and sponsors Ubuntu. He makes money by selling the technical support and any other services related to Ubuntu.

Can my computer handle it?

Ubuntu supports both 32 and 64 bit architectures but you also need to ensure that your computer meets the minimum requirements to run this operating system.

For your desktop or laptop you must have:
Processor: 1GHz
Memory (or RAM): 384 MiB
Free space on your hard drive: 5 GB

So why do people use Ubuntu?

Ya this is a free operating system, but what really does it offer? With any purchased computer or laptop you get an operating system, so how is Ubuntu different?

Well, for starters it’s an open source software. This means it is completely customizable and you can change it however you like. Even if you aren’t some elite coder or programmer there are a lot of people out there who have created unique and completely awesome add ons for Ubuntu! You can check out some of the more popular Ubuntu downloads to see some of the fantastic features that it can integrate into your desktop operating system. Go here to look at top 10 Ubuntu downloads: http://lifehacker.com/5227309/top-10-ubuntu-downloads

On top of that, it’s free! Windows operating systems often get updated, leaving you in the dust without the fancy new gizmos so you are forced to either purchase the new upgrade or find an alternate means of obtaining that new OS.

 

Send An Email From Linux Or UNIX Command Line Shell Easily

Send An Email From Linux Or UNIX Command Line Shell Easily

Sometimes, the system administrator might be required to send an emergency mail or a test mail message only using the command line interpreter or shell in Linux flavored OS and it might also be needed in the distribution of operating system such as CentOS, Ubuntu, Debian, Red Hat Fedora, FreeBSD, Open SUSE and etc. In such situations, you will find the mail command extremely handy one.

Actually “mail” is a command, which is used to receive and send mail massages in BSD operating system, UNIX and Linux. You could enter the following command to initiate the mail transfer procedure.

Mail recipient@domain.com

Of course, you should enter a valid email address in the place of recipient@domain.com.

While typing the mail message body, you will be prompted to enter the subject for the mail by the system. The format would be like:

# mail receipent@domain.com
Subject: For Testing Only
This email is for testing the mail delivery system only.
^D (EOT)
Cc:

After completing the typing of your email message, you just have to press Ctrl-D (it is shown like “^D” in the above example). It is used to represents the End of Text (EOT). You may or may not be prompted with the input request to enter any other recipients to send cc (carbon copy). It depends upon the operating system that you use. To skip this, just hit enter button or else accept the input, and the mail will be automatically delivered.

Tip: If the same system is used by the recipient and sender, then you may just omit the domain part (it will be as @domain.com) from the address, typing just user name only.

Furthermore, you could use switches and arguments of mail for sending the mail to directly avoiding any interactive input. For instance,

mail -s Test address@domain.com < /dev/null

The above command will send a blank email right away, which would have empty body to the address of recipient and having the subject name as “Test”. You could as well type “man mail” for extra arguments.

Get The Feel Of Ubuntu In Windows XP

Get The Feel Of Ubuntu In Windows XP

Windows a range of Operating Systems from Microsoft are the most used Operating Systems around the world. Ubuntu, another range of Operating System is also extremely popular. If a user has to move over to Windows XP from Ubuntu he can still have the flavor of Ubuntu in the newly installed Windows XP Operating system.

Installing the Ubuntu Theme specially designed for Windows XP helps the user get the look and feel of Ubuntu in Windows XP. The theme has been designed at DevianArt by FioreSSJ. Before downloading and installing the theme, the user needs to patch the uxtheme.dll file on their system.

 

After successfully installing the patch file, download the Ubuntu Theme from the following link Here

The theme consists of five vibrant color schemes like blue, orange, purple, green and graphite. Other than this, it also changes the original XP cursor to the cursor which looks like that of xFree. After successfully downloading the theme, extract its folder and then follow the following steps

  • Copy the files located in the Wallpaper folder to the destination C:\Windows\Web\Wallpaper. 
  • From the Cursor folder copy files to the destination C:\Windows\Cursors. 
  • Files from the Fonts folder are to be copied to C:\Windows\Fonts
  • Click the Apply button

 

 

Changes will be made and you can successfully get the feel of Ubuntu in the Windows XP Operating System.

Some Basic Reasons Why Professionals Prefer Linux Over Other OS’s

Pros of Linux OS

Most of the professionals prefer Linux rather than any other OS (operating system). It is considered to be way better than Mac or even Windows.

Some of the pros of Linux OS (Operating System):

  1. It is completely free of cost and they won’t charge you even a single penny to download it.
  2. Hardware requirements are so low that you can even run it in your old computer and it won’t cause any problem.
  3. Not a single virus can affect Linux. It is guaranteed virus free.
  4. It is so stable that even if you run it for over a week it won’t hang up or cause any problem.
  5. It works just fine and its performance does not depreciate along with the time.
  6. You can receive help 24×7 because of its forum which stays active and helps all the Linux users.
  7. There is a Linux’s OS called Ubuntu which gets automatically updated with the new services.
  8. Its security is of high level.
  9. There are inbuilt software which comes along with the installation of Linux like PowerPoint, Firefox, Excel, CD/DVD burner, Word and lots more.

Now you might be wondering, why Linux is not widely used even though it has the above mentioned features, the answer is, it lacks a user friendly GUI. It’s a popular belief that Linux is a geeky nerds OS. However, with the coming in of many versions and flavors of Linux like Ubuntu, the argument is not true anymore. You should try out Ubuntu and you’ll not regret!

How Can I Create Custom Keyboard Shortcut Keys In Ubuntu For Free

Configuring a personalized shortcut in Ubuntu

One of the best things about using Ubuntu which many users often overlook is that you can create your own shortcuts for practically any action that the system has to provide. This makes for a highly personalized user experience in which you set the environment and conditions for usage.

In this article, we will discuss (as a sample illustration) how to create a shortcut for the graphical kill (xkill) action in Ubuntu.

  1. Open the terminal by navigating to Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal from the menu bar.
  2. Type in gconf-editor and press Enter.
  3. The Configuration Editor interface shows up. On the left-hand side panel, navigate to the following branch of the tree: apps -> metacity -> keybinding_commands.
  4. When you click on keybinding_commands, the right-hand panel shows a list of commands (named command_1, command_2, etc.) with their corresponding description/documentation in the space below.
  5. Right-click on command_1 – this controls the xkill action – and select edit key.
  6. A small pop-up asks you to enter the new value for the key. Enter the new value as <Alt>k – this will mean that the shortcut for this action from now on is Alt + k.
  7. Click on OK.
  8. Now go to the global_keybindings branch of the tree on the left-hand panel. [You will see it right above the keybinding_commands branch.]
  9. In the list of commands on the right side, right-click on the name run_command_1, and select the edit key option.
  10. Again, enter the same value as in Step 6 – i.e. <Alt>k – and click on OK.
  11. You will see that the value for the option run_command_1 in the global_keybindings is now changed to <Alt>k.
  12. Close the Configuration Editor.

Your new shortcut for the xkill operation is now in place. You can try this by opening a new program and the using the shortcut that you had set – Alt + k.

Onscreen keyboard in Ubuntu

Very few people are aware of the awesome hidden utilities that Ubuntu packs with its standard distribution. One of them is “onboard”, an onscreen keyboard for Ubuntu.

To use it, simply run (alt + f2) “onboard”.

How to get maximum screen space on a netbook

Netbooks are the new laptops and every other day every other person you know has one! Netbooks are all really awesome with their portability and specifications, even the cramped keyboard can be compromised with but the limited screen space is sure to get you annoyed. Here’s what I did to get maximum screen space on my Asus EEE PC 1000H.

  1. Get Emerald from your Ubuntu repositories
  2. Open Emerald Theme Manager and import quite minimal theme
  3. Get Ubuntu Human Compact / Clearlooks Compact theme
  4. Get Gnome-colors Icon theme
  5. Drag and drop the the theme/icon tar ball files into your Appearance window.
  6. Get Gnome2-Globalmenu
  7. Add their PPA to your Software sources list or you can directly install off the binaries provided.
  8. Get Window Picker/Window List Applets (should be available in your Ubuntu/Medibuntu Repositories)

and use all of these!

This personally works out with me because am keyboard person, while only using the pointing device to scroll past feeds, so am okay with alt + spacebar, alt + tab and other such shortcuts.

Ubuntus Latest Release – Interpid Ibex 8.10

Interpid Ibex 8.10 is the codename of the latest version of Ubuntu Linux developed by Canonical. In the open source community Ubuntu is a huge succes, now with the ‘New ubuntu’, which is far ahead than its previous versions with better, latest and greatest cutting edge innovation ever offered by the open source world, the success got just better.

Ubuntu Interpid Ibex 8.10

Better hardware compatibility, maor bug fixes, spped boosters are some of Ubuntu 8.10’s features. Other added features are :

1>  Linux Kernel 2.6.27
2>  GNOME 2.24
3>  Nautilus – Tabbed file browsing and Eject Icons for removable devices.
4>  File Roller – Now supports ALZ, RZIP, CAB, TAR.7Z file types also.
5>  Encrypted Private Directory – Although not default, the package has been promoted to the main repository.
6>  Guest Session.
7>  Totem BBC Plugin etc.

A lot more is added in the download. You also get a dark brown color scheme, Firefox 3 pre-installed, Open office, wine are stuffed in as well. And Live CD is one of my favorites. Tons of goodies waiting for you at Ubuntu.

Go get the CD image here or Order the CD for free at Ubuntu ShipIt!.